Watershed Why is this
important? Sources of
1995 USGS 1 meter digital aerial ortho-photography of the Salem River
Watershed. The images are mosaiced together and resampled to 5 meters.
GPS'ed dairy farm locations are shown in blue.
Salem River Watershed - DOQQ
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) 30-m DEM data arranged by
7.5 minute quadrangles were downloaded from the internet and mosaicked
together, gaps filtered, and then clipped to the watershed boundary.
Projection: UTM NAD83 Units: feet
Salem River - DEM
A flow direction model was created representing the direction of flow
from every cell in the DEM. Processing was done in ArcInfo 7.2.1
using their surface flow functions. Locating, eliminating, and filling
in sinks from the DEM to remove inconsistencies in the DEM was done prior
Salem River - Flow direction
From the flow direction grid, a flow accumulation grid was calculated. The values in this grid represent the number of cells that flow into a given ceel. Cell values of zero represent high points (all flow is away from that cell), and high values represent flow into a cell. In essence it builds a stream network.
Using the flow accumulation model, a stream network was created and
then converted to a coverage. All cells where more than 100 cells
flowed into them were included. The image below is an example of
flow direction in the watershed of two dairy farms (denoted by barns).
Salem River flow from two dairy farms