Biodiversity Assessment within the New York / New Jersey Highlands Regional Assessment Update Study Area

(Arc/Info raster grid GIS data, NOT FOR DISSEMINATION UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE)

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Raster grid processed in the regional context of the USDA Forest Service Highlands Study by the Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Biodiversity Assessment within the New York / New Jersey Highlands Regional Assessment Update Study Area (Arc/Info raster grid GIS data)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
New York / New Jersey Regional Assessment Update (2001-02) directed by the USDA Forest Service
Publication_Information:
Publisher: USDA Forest
Other_Citation_Details:
Information pertaining to important, unique or rare natural communities in the Highlands Region was gathered from the New Jersey and New York Heritage Programs, The Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The data included natural heritage priority sites from the New Jersey Office of Natural Lands Management, natural communities from the New York Natural Heritage Program, matrix sites from The Nature Conservancy (TNC -2001), and areas in the Highlands identified in the US Fish and Wildlife Service Significant Habitats and Habitat Complexes of the New York Bight Watershed (1997).
Online_Linkage: \\DOG\dog2\data\hl02\cva\biodiversity\cva_biodiv
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USDA Forest Service
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
New York / New Jersey Regional Assessment Update (2001-02): Technical Report
Online_Linkage: To be determined
Description:
Abstract:
A GIS-based model was developed to map the coincidence of resource values across the NY-NJ Highlands region. The objective of the Conservation Values Assessment (CVA) was to integrate various sources of information to provide a coherent picture of relative resource conservation value across the region, highlighting areas that are a priority for conservation management. This assessment updates and expands on an earlier Priority Area Assessment conducted by the Regional Plan Association.

One of the resources identified by the Conservation Values Assessment for the Highlands Study is biodiversity.

The primary objective was to examine the current status of biodiversity of the Highlands and examine geographic patterns of how biodiversity is distributed in the Highlands. A secondary objective was to map the spatial distribution of areas important to maintaining threatened and endangered species and natural communities that support and maintain the high biodiversity of the Highlands.

Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the variety as well as variation of all living organisms in the context of their habitats and ecological systems. Components of biodiversity include individual species and the genetic variation within and between species as well as the ecological diversity within the biological systems. Biodiversity also encompasses the variety of different systems and the linkages across the systems at the regional scale. The Highlands is rich in the variety of biological systems that support high local biodiversity including freshwater wetlands, swamps and bogs, glades, ravines and ridges, and large contiguous forest tracts and grasslands. It is the rich diversity of different community types as well as variability within the community types that allows the Highlands to support high levels of biodiversity throughout the region. The value of this rich biodiversity resource base is amplified as well as vulnerable due to its proximity to urban growth centers and suburbanization.

Purpose:
The raster grid was incorporated into the Highlands Study GIS modeling procedures by CRSSA (see technical report).

New York/New Jersey Regional Assessment Update (2001-02):

The Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, participated in the NY-NJ Highlands Regional Assessment Update (Fiscal Year 2001), directed by the USDA Forest Service. The major question the New York-New Jersey Highlands Regional Assessment Update addressed is, what are the implications of continued land use change patterns on Highlands resources? The assessment focused on land use/land cover change, forest and watershed integrity, hydrologic systems, biodiversity, recreation and open space, population trends and projected future growth.

The study area covered the New York and New Jersey portions of the Highlands physiographic province. All municipalities that are wholly or partially included within the Highlands physiographic boundary, as delineated by the USDA Forest Service, were included in the study.

Supplemental_Information:
The data layer is in ESRI Arc/Info (ver 8.x) raster grid format generated in the regional context of the project. The ground cell spatial resolution is 30 x 30 meters and the data are geo-referenced to the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) map projection; datum NAD83; spheroid GRS1980; UTM Zone 18. The raster grid was incorporated into the Highlands Study GIS modeling procedures by CRSSA (see technical report).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Ending_Date: 2002
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.207037
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.520349
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.654676
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.527524
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: biodiversity
Theme_Keyword: Conservation Values Assessment
Theme_Keyword: New York / New Jersey Highlands Regional Assessment Update
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Highlands
Place_Keyword: New York
Place_Keyword: New Jersey
Place_Keyword: Dutchess County, NY
Place_Keyword: Orange County, NY
Place_Keyword: Putnam County, NY
Place_Keyword: Rockland County, NY
Place_Keyword: Westchester County, NY
Place_Keyword: Bergen County, NJ
Place_Keyword: Hunterdon County, NJ
Place_Keyword: Morris County, NJ
Place_Keyword: Passaic County, NJ
Place_Keyword: Somerset County, NJ
Place_Keyword: Sussex County, NJ
Place_Keyword: Warren County, NJ
Use_Constraints:
While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable, Rutgers University cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. Rutgers University makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. Any maps, publications, reports or any other type of document produced as a result of an associated project utilizing Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, data will credit the Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, and cite the USDA Forest Service Technical Report (as stated under the 'Cross-Reference' section of this metadata).

Terms of Use:

The user agrees to abide by the following terms of use:

1. The Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Cook College, Rutgers University, disseminates this data layer as-is and makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution consitute such a warranty. 2. The user should be aware that the data set is not intended for site specific analysis, however, its intention is to provide the end user with a regional-scale raster grid representation of a particular theme for which it was used in the Highlands Regional Study. 3. CRSSA, Rutgers University, will not be held responsible to further maintain the disseminated data, nor to provide the data in different formats other than its current availability. 4. Any maps, publications, reports or any other type of document produced as a result of an associated project utilizing this raster grid will credit the original author(s) as listed in the metadata (citation) as well as the Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA)
Address: Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences Building
Address: Cook College, Rutgers University
Address: 14 College Farm Road
City: New Brunswick
State_or_Province: New Jersey
Postal_Code: 08901-8551
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 732-932-1582
Hours_of_Service: M-F 8.30AM-4.30PM EST USA
Data_Set_Credit:
Raster data processing and analysis by the Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Cook College, Rutgers University, for the USDA Forest Service Highlands Regional Assessment Update (2001-02). Original vector authors listed in the metadata (citation).
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.2.0.700
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Published by the USDA Forest Service
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
New York / New Jersey Highlands Regional Assessment Update (2001-02): Technical Report
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Original vector components inputs were rasterized and incorporated into Geographic Information System (GIS) models processed by CRSSA at a ground cell spatial resolution of 30 x 30 meters. Spatial accuracies are dependent on source vector data from various organizations.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
A GIS-based model was developed to map the coincidence of resource values across the NY-NJ Highlands region. The objective of the Conservation Values Assessment (CVA) was to integrate various sources of information to provide a coherent picture of relative resource conservation value across the region, highlighting areas that are a priority for conservation management. This assessment updates and expands on an earlier Priority Area Assessment conducted by the Regional Plan Association.

One of the five resources identified by the Conservation Values Assessment for the Highlands Study is biodiversity.

The primary objective was to examine the current status of biodiversity of the Highlands and examine geographic patterns of how biodiversity is distributed in the Highlands. A secondary objective was to map the spatial distribution of areas important to maintaining threatened and endangered species and natural communities that support and maintain the high biodiversity of the Highlands.

Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the variety as well as variation of all living organisms in the context of their habitats and ecological systems. Components of biodiversity include individual species and the genetic variation within and between species as well as the ecological diversity within the biological systems. Biodiversity also encompasses the variety of different systems and the linkages across the systems at the regional scale. The Highlands is rich in the variety of biological systems that support high local biodiversity including freshwater wetlands, swamps and bogs, glades, ravines and ridges, and large contiguous forest tracts and grasslands. It is the rich diversity of different community types as well as variability within the community types that allows the Highlands to support high levels of biodiversity throughout the region. The value of this rich biodiversity resource base is amplified as well as vulnerable due to its proximity to urban growth centers and suburbanization.

Methods

Information pertaining to important, unique or rare natural communities in the Highlands Region was gathered from the New Jersey and New York Heritage Programs, The Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The data included natural heritage priority sites from the New Jersey Office of Natural Lands Management, natural communities from the New York Natural Heritage Program, matrix sites from The Nature Conservancy (TNC -2001), and areas in the Highlands identified in the US Fish and Wildlife Service Significant Habitats and Habitat Complexes of the New York Bight Watershed (1997). (Priority sites in New Jersey are those considered to be "critically important natural areas" (Office of Natural Lands Management, 1999) of varying interest for biodiversity. Natural communities as derived from the New York Natural Heritage data set are those that are comparatively large, intact vegetation community types that are in good condition, relatively undisturbed and generally lack invasive species (exemplary communities) as well as those of interest for biodiversity. Areas interest for biodiversity in the US Fish and Wildlife Service New York Bight watershed study (1997) were also included in the community data. These areas were coincident with New Jersey priority sites in many instances. Finally, TNC matrix sites in the Highlands are representative of large tracts of land that have contiguous cover; tend to be influenced by large-scale processes; and provide habitat for wide-ranging or large-area dependent fauna. They include both areas of general and specific interest for biodiversity.

All data was provided in the form of polygon GIS coverages. All databases were ranked according to their biodiversity rankings (See table below). Biodiversity ranks were not resident in the New York natural community data. Therefore, biodiversity ranks were assigned to the data according to the global rank of each community, as per the NJ Natural Heritage Priority Sites metadata (Office of Natural Lands Management, 1999).

The individual ranked coverages for community data were converted to 30-meter resolution raster format, and merged to create a single Highlands coverage for community data. In cases where there was an overlap in coverages or rankings, preference was given to the highest-ranking cells.

Process_Date:
USDA Forest Service NY/NJ Regional Assessment Update published 2002
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 732-932-1582
Hours_of_Service: M-F 8.30AM-4.30PM EST USA
Contact_Instructions: - Contact for raster grid processing: CRSSA

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 4137
Column_Count: 4682
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 18
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -75.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 30.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Combined Biodiversity Assessment
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Desc
Attribute_Definition: Class description
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Lowest resource value
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Low resource value
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Moderate resource value
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: High resource value
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Highest resource value

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service
Resource_Description:
Raster grid data prepared by the Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, as part of the NY/NJ Highlands Regional Assessment Update (2001-02) directed by the USDA Forest Service.
Distribution_Liability:
While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable, Rutgers University cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. Rutgers University makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. Any maps, publications, reports or any other type of document produced as a result of an associated project utilizing Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, data will credit the Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, and cite the USDA Forest Service Technical Report (as stated under the 'Cross-Reference' section of this metadata).

Terms of Use:

The user agrees to abide by the following terms of use:

1. The Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Cook College, Rutgers University, disseminates this data layer as-is and makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution consitute such a warranty. 2. The user should be aware that the data set is not intended for site specific analysis, however, its intention is to provide the end user with a regional-scale raster grid representation of a particular theme for which it was used in the Highlands Regional Study. 3. CRSSA, Rutgers University, will not be held responsible to further maintain the disseminated data, nor to provide the data in different formats other than its current availability. 4. Any maps, publications, reports or any other type of document produced as a result of an associated project utilizing this raster grid will credit the original author(s) as listed in the metadata as well as the Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University.

Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 2.757
Technical_Prerequisites:
Geographic Information Systems (GIS); knowledge of raster grid data applications and usage is helpful; understanding the context in which the data was processed for the NY/NJ Highlands Regional Assessment Update (2001-02) directed by the USDA Forest Service is also useful. The final and technical reports are available through the Forest Service.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20030605
Metadata_Review_Date: unk
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: unk
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA)
Address: Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences Building
Address: Cook College, Rutgers University
Address: 14 College Farm Road
City: New Brunswick
State_or_Province: New Jersey
Postal_Code: 08901-8551
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 732-932-1582
Hours_of_Service: M-F 8.30AM-4.30PM EST USA
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
Metadata generated by the Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA), Rutgers University, for the NY/NJ Highlands Regional Assessment Update (2001-02) directed by the USDA Forest Service.
Metadata_Extensions:
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.7.3 on Fri Aug 15 16:23:53 2003